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Have you Checked your Car’s Brakes and Pads? I have…….
Proper brakes and pads can not only damage your vehicle but could also be critical for your safety as a driver or your passengers. Your brakes are what enable you to stop. If you cannot stop your car it could be very dangerous. It’s very easy to overlook the maintenance of your cars brakes. So here is what you can do. These simple steps can help save a life!!
When to check your Brakes- Every vehicle is different and everyone drives in different areas. For instance one may drive in urban areas and use their brakes more often than one who drives on rural roads due to starting and stopping of city traffic. Normally 6 months or 10,000 miles would be a good time to check them or you may choose to have your tires rotated by a professional technician and at that time they can check your brakes and pads.
Jack up your vehicle and remove a front wheel. (Use blocks for safety)
The brake caliper has to be removed before you can remove a brake disc, and the good news is that there’s no need to do so. If you’re working alone, just check the visible part of the disc for heavy rust, scoring, and uneven wear. Rust generally is harmless unless the vehicle has been standing idle for a long time and the rust has really built up. If your disc is badly scored or worn unevenly, have a professional determine whether it can be reground or needs to be replaced.
Inspect your brake caliper (the component blocking your view of the entire brake disc).
Be careful. If the vehicle has been driven recently, the caliper will be hot. If it’s cool to the touch, grasp it and gently shake it to make sure that it isn’t loosely mounted and its mounting hardware isn’t worn.
Peek through the inspection hole in the dust shield on the caliper and look at the brake pads inside.
If the linings on the brake pads look much thinner than the new ones you saw at the supply store or dealership parts department, or if they are less than 1/4 of an inch, they probably have to be replaced. If the linings have worn to the metal pads, the disc probably has to be reground or replaced as well.
Replace your wheel, lug nuts, and hubcap, and lower the vehicle to the ground.
If the disc and pads seem to be in good condition and your brake pedal doesn’t flutter when you step on it, you don’t need to do anything else.
Always Remember –Relining, caliper maintenance, and disc grinding should be left to a professional unless you do the job under supervision at an auto class.
The Life Of A Recycled Tire
Nothing lasts forever, but old tires come close. With nearly 300 million tires being discarded in the United States every year, scrap tires were once a common element of landfills. However, because scrap tires can take more than 80 years to break down in some cases, throwing them into landfills was a solution that was far less than perfect. That’s not even considering the amount of space they take up in landfills, or their tendency to damage landfill liners, cause soil and groundwater contamination, and attract rodents.
The good news, however, is that scrap tires have become far less of a problem than they used to be. In 1990, only 11 percent of scrap tires were put to other uses, whereas end-use markets consumed more than 87 percent of scrap tires in 2015. A significant number of scrap tires today are recycled into rubber mulch that is used in a variety of applications. This mulch can be used as protection on playgrounds, as a component of synthetic turf for sports fields, as a material for running tracks or as a backdrop for shooting ranges, among other applications.
Rubber mulch offers some advantages over traditional wood mulch in many of these applications because it typically lasts longer and does not blow away as easily during storms. These advantages are in addition to the biggest benefit of tire recycling, which is far fewer tires taking up space and contaminating the ground in landfills.
Although rubber mulch is essentially made up of ground-up tires, there’s more to the process than simply throwing scrap tires into a shredder. There’s a highly specialized process that transforms scrap tires into the rubber mulch that protects children from falls on playgrounds or lines stalls in horse stables. Metal sidewalls and other debris have to be removed from the tires, and the rubber needs to be processed with special chemicals to soften them after they are mulched. What’s left after the entire process is complete is an eco-friendly alternative to wood mulch that keeps people safe and keeps scrap tires out of landfills.
The infographic below takes you through the life of a recycled tire, detailing the recycling process as well as some of the key benefits of recycling tires into rubber mulch. Old tires may seem like they can last forever, but recycling scrap tires has been proven to be a great way to ensure that their long lives result in far more good than harm.
Author bio: Penny Klein, owner of Perfect Rubber Mulch, has extensive experience in the industry and understands the best product fit for her clients’ needs. She works with customers to guarantee the right amount of product is purchased, and makes certain the delivery process is best in class.
Despite relying on our cars every day to get from point A to point B, we rarely pay attention to telltale signs of hazardous wear and tear. The tires take the brunt of the work when we travel, which means you should pay extra attention to the tread and inflation levels. Avoid dangerous situations by learning how to read your tire tread with this helpful guide from Tires By Web:
Why You Should Consider Automotive Window Film
Have you been considering getting automotive window film for your car? Tinting your windows can give your car a more modern and stylish look. That’s not the only reason to consider investing in window tinting, however. While adding style is a valid reason, there are several more substantial benefits that come with window tinting. Here are some worth considering.
UVA and UVB rays from the sun are quite dangerous. These rays can fade your car’s interior, damage leather and vinyl, and even cause substantial damage to your skin. Other than the windshield, normal automotive glass does not provide significant protection from UV rays.
Window film can block as much as 99.9 percent of UV radiation, providing important protection for your car’s interior and the people inside the car. In fact, car window tinting offers similar protection to applying sunscreen with an SPF of 285.
This is an important benefit. Consider this: Citing a study in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, the Skin Cancer Foundation reported that 53 percent of skin cancers in the United States occur on a person’s left side, the “driver’s side” of cars. This has been attributed to the UV radiation to which drivers are exposed via the driver’s side window while driving.
Window tinting can help reduce this risk. You and your passengers will have less of a chance of developing skin cancer, and tinting will help prevent fading and damage to your car’s interior. Sun exposure also can weaken seat belts, and window tinting can make this less of a risk.
Improved Security and Privacy
Want to deter a would-be thief from breaking into your car? Tinting can make it more difficult to see any valuables you may have left inside your vehicle. When a thief is deciding which vehicle to target, the ability to view the possessions inside could be the deciding factor in whether to attempt a quick smash and grab.
In addition to also providing more privacy, some window tints also slightly increase the strength of the glass. With the right window tint, the shattering of glass might be reduced, along with the risk of injury to the vehicle’s occupants, in the event of an accident.
Drivers know the importance of wearing sunglasses to reduce glare coming from the environment. Even a reflection from a body of water or a passing vehicle can cause significant glare, limiting the driver’s ability to see and drive safely. Window tinting can help reduce this glare significantly, improving a driver’s ability to safely operate his or her vehicle.
Less Interior Heat
Just about everyone is familiar with the discomfort that comes from getting into a car on a hot day, when the interior temperature could be 10 and maybe even 20 degrees higher than that outside. It can be almost unbearable. Window tinting reflects sunlight away from the vehicle, and this, in turn, decreases heat gain. While your car’s interior still will heat up some in the sun, you will notice a significant reduction in the amount of heat gain with window tinting. (You should still never leave a child or pet unattended inside a closed, hot car.)
You will notice further benefits while driving. Your interior temperature won’t climb as much, so you might not need the air conditioner on full blast the entire time. In addition to enjoying a more comfortable ride, you likely will reduce your fuel consumption with the air conditioner running less.
Window tinting provides significant benefits to you and your car. If you love the look of window tint, embrace it — knowing that you are doing something important to protect your investment at the same time.
Rachel Min is Director of Marketing at Rayno Window Film Inc. Min has been highly involved in promoting the Rayno brand, products, benefits and services since Rayno’s inception.
Tips For Proper Tire Maintenance
Tips For Proper Tire Maintenance
Learn to inspect your tires. Look at the depth of the remaining tread, while you are looking for uneven wear. Look for signs of a separated tire. Pay attention to how the tires ride.While every part that makes up your vehicle is important, some are more important than others — including the tires. Since tires also can be quite expensive and are essential to your safety while driving, you want to take care of them as best you can. Many people don’t think about tire maintenance, instead waiting until the “low air” tire sensor or another person tells them a tire is low. By then, you already could have done some damage to the tires.
One of the most important steps in tire maintenance is ensuring that every tire is properly inflated. If tires have too much air, the center will wear sooner than the outside edges. You also will have less rubber contacting the road, which makes driving in slick conditions, including rain, that much more dangerous.
If the tire pressure is too low, the outside edges will wear faster. You also have some handling problems with low tires. Always check the tire pressure visually before you drive the vehicle, or after it sits for a couple of hours. Check it with an air pressure gauge at least monthly, too. You can find the recommended tire pressure on the sidewall of the tire, or on the sticker on the driver’s doorjamb.
Hitting potholes or bumping the curb hard enough could knock your vehicle out of alignment. You should have the alignment checked at least once per year. If you know you hit a pothole or curb hard enough, however, have the alignment checked as soon as possible. Other actions that could affect the alignment include driving over gravel roads that are particularly bumpy or even a rough railroad track crossing.
Wear and Tear
Even when you keep tires properly inflated, you’re going to get some wear and tear — and tires seldom wear evenly. You might have one front tire that seems to wear faster than the others. To keep the tire wear even, rotate the tires every six months or at intervals of 10,000 to 12,000 miles.
- Shaking in the steering wheel at a certain speed — usually between 55 and 75 mph — indicates that the tires are not properly balanced. Balance the tires as soon as possible, as an unbalanced tire could wear faster.
- Shaking at slower speeds indicates that you may have a separated tire. Tires are made of rubber layers that are glued together. In many cases, a bubble will appear on the sidewall, indicating that the layers are separating.
- Check the depth of the tread, which in the U.S. is measured in 32nds of an inch. If the depth is approaching 2/32 of an inch, it’s time to replace the tires. Instead of trying to measure the tread with a ruler, stick a quarter in the tread. If the tread does not reach the top of Washington’s head, it’s time to replace the tires. You also can look for the wear indicators, which are squares of rubber located between the tread on the tires. If the tread is even close to the wear indicators, it’s time for new tires.
If you have a tire damaged to the point that you must replace it, yet the other tires still have plenty of life left, be sure to use the same size and type of tire. When possible, it’s better to replace all four tires at the same time. If you just spent hundreds on a set of tires a month or three ago, however, you can replace only the damaged tire.
The Importance of Tire Maintenance
Keep your family and yourself safe by checking your vehicle’s tires often. Watch for balancing, separation and tread issues. When you have the tires rotated, ask the technician to balance them, too. In most cases, they will, but don’t assume it will be done. Keeping an eye on your vehicle’s tires allows you to see minor issues before they become major issues, while also helping you extend the life of the tires.
Ryan Holtzer is Chief Executive Officer of Tires By Web, a leading tire and wheel e-commerce company. Before joining Tires By Web in 2004, he completed General Electric’s Financial Management Program and has served as a Black Belt in GE’s Six Sigma Initiative.
Four Mechanic Questions You Should Ask When Your Car Is in the Shop
Here are four mechanic questions you should always ask when your car is in the shop beyond the ever-essential “how much will it cost?”
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A few Tips to know when you are Buying New and Used Tires
4 Essentials To Know When Buying New/Used Tires
When it’s time to buy new/used tires, you might put it off because of all of the choices you need to make. Instead, go into the tire shop prepared with a bit of knowledge about your vehicle. You may not want the same tires for several reasons — including how they ride, the kind of tire isn’t right for the type of driving you do, they’re the wrong size and more.
Check the Tire Size
You can’t always rely on the size of the tires that are currently on the vehicle — unless it was bought new from the dealership. If this is the case, then you can get the size right off the tire. However, if the vehicle was purchased used, even from a dealership, it could have a different size tire than what came with the vehicle. Often, people put larger or smaller tires on the vehicle for various reasons.
Always check the owner’s manual for the tire size. Compare the size listed in the owner’s manual with the tire size. If you like the tire size you could keep that size. However, keep in mind that the bigger the tire, the more expensive it is. Plus, in some cases, a bigger tire doesn’t ride as nice as the tire that was originally on the vehicle.
You could also find the proper tire size on the vehicle’s information placard. Call the tire shop ahead of time to make sure it has the tire size in the brand you want in stock. If not, many shops will order the tires for you, though they may require payment upfront.
The size on the tire will look similar to this: P215/65/R 15 95H M+S. The first letter in the sequence indicates that the tire is for a passenger car if it’s a “P.” You might see “LT” on light trucks. The next three-digit number is how wide the tire is from one sidewall edge to the other. This is measured in milliliters.
The next two-digit number — 65 in this example — is the ratio of the tire’s height to its width. The bigger the number the more sidewall the tire has. The next part of the sizing notation is a letter. Most tires have “R,” which means the tire is a radial tire. You might find a “B,” which means the tire is a bias tire; and these are commonly found on older vehicles and light trailers.
The next number, a 15 in this example, is the rim size — the diameter of the rim. Some tire size notations may also feature an optional number. This two- or three-digit number notes the load index and is not required by law to be on the tire. This shows how much each tire can carry. Always install tires with a load index at least as high as the manufacturer’s recommendations.
The next letter is the speed rating. In this example, it is an “H,” which means that the tires are rated to go as fast as 130 miles per hour for an extended time. You have no reason to upgrade to a tire with a higher speed rating unless you are driving the vehicle on a track or you’re shipping the vehicle to an area that doesn’t believe in speed limits.
The last set of letters designate the type of tire. “M+S” stands for mud and snow. Common notations also include “AS” for all season and “AT” for all terrain.
Regardless of which tire you choose, it will have a release agent on it; and this makes the tire slippery. It won’t grip as nicely as it should until the residue wears off. When buying tires, be careful, especially when braking and cornering in wet conditions. Break-in time on most tires is about 500 miles.
Oxygen breaks down rubber, so the age of the tires is very important. In most cases, when purchasing new tires, this isn’t a concern. However, when purchasing used tires or if your vehicle’s tires don’t wear fast because you don’t drive frequently, the age of the tire is a concern. Look for a series of 10 to 12 numbers close to the rim. Pay attention to the last four digits, which show the week and year the tire was manufactured.
For example, if the last four digits are 5014, the tire was manufactured in the 50th week of 2014. It is recommended to change tires that are 10 years old or older, even if they look brand new.
The Bottom Line
When purchasing new tires, know the size you need, the type you need for the terrain and weather you drive in or on, and the speed rating — if you plan on taking your vehicle on the Autobahn if you visit Germany or plan on living there, for example. When buying used tires, be sure to check the age of the tires before accepting them.
Natalie Saldana is A-Abana Auto Insurance’s Vice President of Sales. Her and her team’s primary duty is to make sure that every driver behind the wheel is covered and safe. A key factor of staying safe on the road is making sure your tires are in great shape!
The Future of the Custom Car Design Is Not Yet Written
If there was just one thing I could communicate to anyone interested in hot rodding and custom car design, it’s this: there are absolutely no rules when it comes to letting your imagination soar.
There’s no government inspector who’s going to show up at your door and rap you across the knuckles if you don’t respect some assumed industry standard for your next design. The only thing guiding your hand on the sketch pad is your own sense of what works, and what doesn’t, when expressed in sheet metal.
Even the most creative people aren’t necessarily born knowing how to put together a killer hot rod. Understanding when you can push the limits or when you should pull back is very personal to each individual designer. It’s a skill that develops over time through experimentation, exploring new horizons, and learning from our failures.
The proof is all around us. For every subtle European custom, there’s an outrageous one-off design like George Barris’s Batmobile. Great design has room for both incremental and innovative paths.
Try New Things and New Tools
Innovation can be a powerful disruptive force in the world of hot rodding. This applies to the design, as well as the tools used to make them a reality. There was once a time in hot rodding when labor was cheap and technology was expensive. Today, it’s the opposite: access to high tech fabrication and design equipment is at an all-time high, for very little money, while the time of skilled customizers is at a premium.
It’s crucial to realize that technology is not an end in itself. Rather, shops should be embracing technology as a tool to reach a goal. By balancing in-house expertise with emerging tools and design aids, it’s possible to create an intellectual advantage over the competition—and really make your work stand apart from the pack.
The Foose Hemisfear, shown in the pictures in this post, is a perfect example. Although the car was based on a concept and model I created using traditional tools of the trade as a Senior at the Art Center, when it came time to build it 17 years later the design was done entirely on a computer. While I don’t work directly in a CAD environment, I illustrated every part and produced scale drawings that were then transferred to a software platform. In some cases, I also worked directly with CAD designers. Once that work had been completed, the chassis and suspension components were fabricated using CNC machines, and then the body’s full carbon fiber structure was produced using CNC cut molds.
It’s the only way we could have built Hemisfear in such a detailed manner in the time allotted. Once the first prototype had been built, we had everything on the hard drive that we needed to build the next five examples. This scalable solution allowed us to also digitally test suspension movement, door openings, aero concerns, and accessibility, all before fabricating a single part.
Design is subjective. It’s not always easy to measure success, or predict failure. We grow the most when we push our limits, and create something that moves the entire hot rodding industry forward—even if just a fraction of an inch. Those inches add up to feet, then miles, and before you know it, your imagination puts you on a path you couldn’t possibly have seen from where you started.
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